What Are The Six Stages Of Moral Development?

What is Postconventional morality?

Postconventional morality, a concept developed largely by psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg, identifies the ethical reasoning of moral actors who make decisions based on rights, values, duties, or principles that are (or could be) universalizable..

What is Preconventional moral development?

Preconventional moral reasoning is the first of three levels of moral reasoning in Kohlberg’s Structural Theory of Moral Development, a cognitive-developmental approach to moral development that describes six invariant, sequential, universal, and progressively complex structural stages of moral judgment across the life …

What is the Postconventional stage?

Postconventional level is the third and final level of Kohlberg’s moral development taxonomy where individuals enter the highest level of morale development. People who have reached this stage of development are concerned with the innate rights of humans and guided by their own ethical principles.

What morality means?

Morality refers to the set of standards that enable people to live cooperatively in groups. It’s what societies determine to be “right” and “acceptable.” Sometimes, acting in a moral manner means individuals must sacrifice their own short-term interests to benefit society.

What are the stages of moral development discuss each?

Lawrence Kohlberg expanded on the earlier work of cognitive theorist Jean Piaget to explain the moral development of children, which he believed follows a series of stages. Kohlberg defined three levels of moral development: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. Each level has two distinct stages.

What are the 3 stages of moral development?

Kohlberg identified three distinct levels of moral reasoning: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. Each level has two sub-stages.

What are the 6 stages of moral development?

Theoretical framework. Level 1: Preconventional level. Stage 1: Punishment/obedience orientation. Stage 2: Instrumental purpose orientation. Level 2: Conventional level. Stage 3: Good Boy/Nice Girl orientation. Stage 4: Law and order orientation. … Basic tenets of Kohlberg’s theory.Measurement of moral development.

What are the 7 steps of moral reasoning?

1 – GATHER THE FACTS. □ Don’t jump to conclusions without the facts. … 2 – DEFINE THE ETHICAL ISSUE(S) … 3 – IDENTIFY THE AFFECTED PARTIES. … 4 – IDENTIFY THE CONSEQUENCES. … 5 – IDENTIFY THE RELEVANT PRINCIPLES,6 – CONSIDER YOUR CHARACTER &7 – THINK CREATIVELY ABOUT POTENTIAL.8 – CHECK YOUR GUT.More items…

How do morals develop?

Moral development focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood. Morality develops across a lifetime and is influenced by an individual’s experiences and their behavior when faced with moral issues through different periods’ physical and cognitive development.

How does moral character develop?

In 1982 V. Campbell and R. Bond proposed the following as major sources in influencing character and moral development: heredity, early childhood experience, modeling by important adults and older youth, peer influence, the general physical and social environment, the communications media, the teachings of schools and …

What is an example of conventional morality?

Conventional Level The morality of an action depends heavily on peer approval. Example: I better not drink and drive because my friends will think less of me and I, in turn, will think less of myself.

What is an example of moral development?

Moral decisions are based on either being good by following the rules or being bad by breaking them. For example, a child may think, ‘I don’t want to be spanked so I’m not going to hit my brother!’ Stage 2 is about self-reward. Moral decisions in this stage are based on getting a reward that is personally meaningful.

What are the 5 stages of moral development?

Stages of Moral DevelopmentStage 1 (Pre-Conventional) Obedience and punishment orientation (How can I avoid punishment?) … Stage 2 (Conventional) Interpersonal accord and conformity (Social norms, good boy – good girl attitude) … Stage 3 (Post-Conventional) Social contract orientation (Justice and the spirit of the law)Aug 17, 2020

What is Piaget’s first stage of moral development?

After the age of two, up to the age of seven, children are in the first stage of Piaget’s moral development, where they are very rigid in their beliefs of moral concepts. Piaget termed this first stage the “Morality of Constraint” .

What is moral development in a child?

Moral development refers to the process through which children develop the standards of right and wrong within their society, based on social and cultural norms, and laws.

What age is Postconventional morality?

5.12: Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral DevelopmentAgeMoral LevelYoung children- usually prior to age 9Preconventional moralityOlder children, adolescents, and most adultsConventional moralityRare with adolescents and few adultsPostconventional moralityJun 2, 2019

How do you promote moral development?

Ways to Promote Moral Development and Pro-social BehaviorOffering a warm, nurturing, empathetic relationship between parent and child. … Consistently behaving in a moral manner. … Teaching respect through your parenting style.